St Martin & St Mary Church ofEngland Primary School


Welcome toSt Martin & St Mary Church ofEngland Primary School

Physical Education - KS1 & EYFS

St Martin and St Mary C of E Primary School

Physical and Outdoor Education Subject Progression Grid – EYFS and Key Stage 1


Physical Education - Curriculum Subject Statement


Core Values

Early Years

Foundation Stage

Key Stage 1

Friendship, Trust, Love, Forgiveness, Faith, Honesty

Physical Development is vital in children, enabling them to pursue happy, healthy, active lives. Gross and fine motor experiences are developed through sensory explorations, focussing on strength, co-ordination and positional awareness. We provide opportunities for play both indoors and outdoors, which supports our children in building core strength, stability, balance, spatial awareness, co-ordination and agility.

PE is taught by Class Teachers and Teaching Assistants. External coaches are sometimes used to provide specific coaching for different areas of P.E. Staff are involved in these sessions for continuous professional development.

KS2 children are trained as Young Sport Leaders and are encouraged to lead sessions with KS1 children.

There is more of a focus on the multi-skills approach throughout the year, encouraging the children to master basic movements while developing balance, agility and co-ordination.

The children also have access to a range of after school clubs run by our internal coach and outside coaches. We invest in equipment to promote activity during playtimes and lunchtimes. Staff promote active play.


Outdoor Education - Curriculum Subject Statement


Friendship, Trust, Love, Forgiveness, Faith, Honesty

We aim to inspire all children to have a love for the outdoors and their natural world. We encourage children to ask questions about their environment and talk about things they have observed. We have weekly ‘golden time’ where children show care for living things and their environment. Our outdoor area is open to children at all times. The children have repeated and varied opportunities to explore and play which, in turn allows our children to develop proficiency, control and confidence. We encourage our children to negotiate space and obstacles safely, with consideration for themselves and others.

We aim to promote healthy lifestyles and create an understanding of the importance of having an active body and mind.


Our Outward Hounds curriculum in Year 1 offers all learners opportunities to achieve and develop confidence and self-esteem through hands-on learning experiences in our outdoor environment.


Our Countryside Explorers course in Year 2 challenges the children with new experiences. The course builds a love of the outdoors, while developing individual confidence.




Purpose of Study


A high-quality physical education curriculum inspires all pupils to succeed and excel in competitive sport and other physically-demanding activities. It should provide opportunities for pupils to become physically confident in a way which supports their health and fitness. Opportunities to compete in sport and other activities build character and help to embed values such as fairness and respect.


National Curriculum Subject Aims


The national curriculum for physical education aims to ensure that all pupils:

  • Develop competence to excel in a broad range of physical activities
  • Are physically active for sustained periods of time
  • Engage in competitive sports and activities
  • Lead healthy, active lives.


National Curriculum Subject Aims


Key Stage 1


Pupils should develop fundamental movement skills, become increasingly competent and confident and access a broad range of opportunities to extend their agility, balance and coordination, individually and with others. They should be able to engage in competitive (both against self and against others) and co-operative physical activities, in a range of increasingly challenging situations.


Pupils should be taught to:

  • master basic movements including running, jumping, throwing and catching, as well as developing balance, agility and co-ordination, and begin to apply these in a range of activities
  • participate in team games, developing simple tactics for attacking and defending
  • perform dances using simple movement patterns.
  • Swimming lessons are available to Reception and KS1 children. These aim to promote water confidence and to begin to develop basic strokes and swimming techniques.




Physical Education Subject Overview Grid



Year 1

Year 2

Autumn 1

Movement & Handling

  • Experiments with different ways of moving.
  • Negotiates space successfully.

Multi-skills and Circuits

  • Be confident and safe in the spaces used.
  • Explore and use skills effectively.
  • Understand that being active is good for you and fun.
  • Watch, copy and describe what others are doing.
  • Describe how their bodies feel during exercise.

Multi skills & Circuits.

  •  Improve the way they co-ordinate their bodies and a range of equipment.
  • To repeat and link combinations of skills.

Autumn 2

  • Jumps off an object and lands appropriately.

Dance and Movement

  • Explore movement ideas and respond imaginatively to a range of stimuli.
  • Move confidently and safely in their own space, using changes of speed, direction and level.
  • Compose and link movement phases using a range of body actions and body parts.
  • Copy, watch and describe dance movement.

Dance & Movement.

  •  Explore, remember, repeat and link a range of actions with coordination and control, and an awareness of the expressive qualities of the dance.
  • Compose and perform dance phrases that express and communicate moods, ideas and feelings, choosing and varying simple compositional ideas.
  •  Recognise and describe how different dance activities make them feel.
  • Watch and describe dance phrases and dances, and use  what they learn to improve their own work.

Spring 1

  • Plays racing and chasing games with other children, adjusting speed or changing direction to avoid obstacles.

Gymnastics and Movement

  • Explore gymnastics actions and still shapes.
  • Change speed, level and direction.
  • Perform movement phrases using a range of body actions and body parts.
  • Copy or create and link movement phases with beginnings, middles and ends.

Gymnastics & Movement.

  • Remember, repeat and link combinations of gymnastics actions, body shapes and balances with control and precision.
  • Choose, use and vary simple compositional ideas in the sequences they create and perform.
  •  Improve their work using information they have gained by watching, listening and investigating.

Spring 2

  • Travels with confidence and skill around, under, over and through balancing and climbing equipment.

Games and Movement

  • Use basic underarm rolling and hitting skills.
  • Intercept, retrieve and stop a bean bag and a medium-sized ball with consistency.
  • Catch a bean bag and a ball.

Games & Movement

  • Show awareness of opponents and team-mates when playing games.
  • Perform basic skills of rolling, striking and kicking with more confidence.
  • Apply these skills in a variety of simple games.

Summer 1

  • Travels with confidence and skill around, under, over and through balancing and climbing equipment.

Games and Movement

  • Track balls and other equipment sent to them.
  • Hit and kick a ball in a variety of ways.
  • Decide where to stand to make it difficult for opponents.
  • Choose a range of skills that suit the needs of the game and outwit opponents.

Games & Movement

  •  To recognise and describe what their bodies feel like during different types of activity.
  • Make choices about appropriate targets, space and equipment.
  • Work well with a partner to improve their skills.
  • To recognise good quality in performance.
  •  Begin to use skills thoughtfully in simple competitive games.

Summer 2

  • Show good control and co-ordination in large and small movements.
  • Move confidently in a range of ways, safely negotiating space.

Athletics (Sport’s Day) and Swimming

  • Take part in relay activity.
  • Throw a variety of objects.
  • Float on back and front with aids to show breathing control.
  • Combine front paddle action with crawl leg action with aids.

Athletics (Sport’s Day Competition) & Swimming.

  • Run at fast, medium and slow speeds, changing speed and direction.
  • Take part in a relay activity.
  • Throw a variety of objects, changing their action for accuracy and distance.
  • swim 5+ metres using back stroke leg action without aids.
  • push and glide confidently over a longer distance.
  • swim 5+ metres front crawl with & later without aids.




Curriculum Progression in Physical Education




Year 1

Year 2

Basic Movement

  • Develop fundamental fine motor movement skills (including pinching, squeezing, writing).
  • Develop fundamental gross motor movement skills (including running, jumping, throwing).
  • Develop basic strength and flexibility.
  • Copy and perform basic movements.
  • Develop fundamental movement skills (including running, jumping, throwing, catching).
  • Perform a run and jump sequence.
  • Improve techniques and perform for longer periods of time.
  • Understand the heart is a muscle that grows stronger with exercise and physical activity.
  • Develop fundamental movement skills (specifically master basic movements including running, jumping, throwing and catching).
  • Develop basic strength and flexibility.
  • Run with a good technique at different speeds.
  • Perform a two-footed jump.

Agility and coordination

  • Dress and undress themselves.
  • Demonstrate spatial awareness.


  • Develop an under and over arm throwing action.
  • Develop basic strength and flexibility.
  • Describe the differences in the way their body works and feels when playing different games
  • Perform basic gymnastic actions with control and co-ordination.
  • Show a good throwing technique and extend accuracy and distance.
  • Show good awareness of space and the actions of others.
  • Develop competence.
  • Develop confidence.

Control and Balance

  • Control fundamental movement skills, stopping and starting on command, walking and running safely.
  • Maintain stillness on different bases of support with different body shapes.
  • Perform basic actions using changes in speed and direction, including travelling, rolling, jumping and climbing and stay still when required.
  • Explore, copy and repeat simple skills and actions.
  • Remember and repeat simples sequences in dance or gym.
  • Make simple moves with increasing control and co-ordination.

Competitive and Team Games

  • Enjoy group participation and interaction with others.
  • Develop confidence and resilience.
  • Compete in simple games fairly.
  • Play simple ball games involving kicking, catching or throwing.
  • Develop simple tactics for attacking and defending and ways to score.
  • Describe some basic rules.
  • Develop ways to score.
  • Develop confidence and resilience.
  • Compete fairly showing good sportsmanship.
  • Compete in small sided games fairly, showing good sportsmanship.
  • Begin to understand the concepts of game, opponent, team mate.
  • Use a variety of simple tactics in a small sided game.
  • Describe some basic rules.
  • Begin to watch others and focus on specific actions to improve own skills.

Movement patterns

  • Enjoy movement.
  • Move creatively using whole body, dancing, posing, balancing.
  • Link and repeat basic actions to copy and perform a movement phase with a beginning, middle and end.
  • Show good awareness of space and the actions of others.
  • Watch, describe and comment on what they have seen.
  • Copy and remember actions in a sequence.
  • Begin to move with increasing control and care.
  • Make a short dance sequence by putting some movements together.
  • Begin to use rhythm in dance.
  • Start to link skills and actions within simple games.


  • Put face into water and blow bubbles.
  • Move in the water with aid.
  • Put face into water and blow bubbles.
  • Move in the water with aid.
  • Begin to develop simple swimming actions.
  • Begin to develop simple swimming actions.
  • Swim a width of our school pool with an aid/adult aid.

Outdoor Education

  • Explore outdoor environment with confidence.
  • Be inquisitive about natural surroundings.
  • Understand the importance of being active in our natural areas.
  • Develop orienteering skills.

 To be challenged with a wider range of activities outside of the school grounds and outside of their normal P.E. experiences.